It was Peter III, the last of the de Bruses of the Skelton branch, who brought William de Pickering to Westmorland to serve as constable and later steward on his estates in Kendal. William was the son of Thomas de Pickering and most probably hailed from the town of the same name, where the de Bruses had holdings. In c1260 Peter enfeoffed William of his late brother’s manor at Killington, together with Firbank, and Killington manor was to remain in the Pickering family continuously until 1582, when Anne, the last representative of the senior Pickering line, died. Ruth Margaret Blakely thinks it possible that William de Pickering, who gave rise to the Pickerings of Killington, was probably drawn from a junior line of the de Brus family (see Origins).
1. Thomas de PICKERING married Unknown UNKNOWN.
1.1. Sir William de PICKERING
1.1. Sir William de PICKERING knight, born c1220 probably Pickering, North Riding, constable of Kendal c1250, died Killington, Westmorland, married Unknown UNKNOWN, died c1270 Killington, Westmorland.
1.1.1. Sir Thomas PICKERING
1.1.1. Sir Thomas PICKERING born c1255 Killington, Westmorland, died c1340, married Elizabeth de GREYSTOKE (daughter of Sir Thomas and Margaret de GREYSTOKE).
220.127.116.11. John de PICKERING
18.104.22.168. Richard de PICKERING
22.214.171.124. Robert de PICKERING
126.96.36.199. John de PICKERING died c1335, married Margaret UNKNOWN.
188.8.131.52. Richard de PICKERING parson 1331 Hormead, Hertfordshire; parson 1334 Burton-in-Kendal, Westmorland; parson 1348 Woodford by Thrapston, Northamptonshire.
184.108.40.206. Robert de PICKERING born c1280 Killington, Westmorland, died before 1346, married c1330 Maud UNKNOWN (widow of John de YORK, widow of Walter de OSGODBY).
220.127.116.11.1. Sir James PICKERING
18.104.22.168.2. John de PICKERING
22.214.171.124.1. Sir James PICKERING knight, Member of Parliament, Speaker of the House of Commons, Sheriff of York, born c1332 Ellerton, East Riding, died c1398, married Agnes UNKNOWN.
126.96.36.199.1.1. Thomas de PICKERING
188.8.131.52.1.2. Joan de PICKERING
184.108.40.206.1.3. William de PICKERING
220.127.116.11.2. John de PICKERING coroner, burgess of Carlisle.
18.104.22.168.1.1. Thomas de PICKERING escheator 1406 of York, buried 1406 Ellerton Priory, East Riding, married Katharine UNKNOWN buried before 1406 Ellerton Priory, East Riding.
22.214.171.124.1.1.1. Sir John PICKERING
126.96.36.199.1.1.2. Margaret PICKERING
188.8.131.52.1.2. Joan de PICKERING married Christopher MORESBY born c1360.
184.108.40.206.1.3. William de PICKERING clergyman, 1382 granted lands Thorganby, East Riding.
220.127.116.11.1.1.1. Sir John PICKERING knight, born c1385 Killington, Westmorland, died 23 March 1420, married Helen HARINGTON (daughter of Sir Richard HARINGTON).
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. Sir James I PICKERING
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Margaret PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Catherine PICKERING
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. Helen PICKERING
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Maria PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Alice PICKERING
18.104.22.168.1.1.2. Margaret PICKERING married 1403 Hugh de LAMPLUGH.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Sir James PICKERING knight, born 29 August 1413, Killington, Westmorland, died before 1474, married 1st Mary LOWTHER (daughter of Sir Robert LOWTHER) died 1430, married 2nd Margaret NORWOOD (daughter of Sir John NORWOOD).
Children of Sir James I PICKERING and Mary LOWTHER:
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1. James II PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.2. Margaret PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3. Isabel PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.4. Mabel PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.5. Joan PICKERING
Children of Sir James I PICKERING and Margaret NORWOOD:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.6. Sir Edward PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Margaret PICKERING married Sir Robert ROOS.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Catherine PICKERING married Sir Unknown STAPLETON.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Helen PICKERING married Thomas BOROUGH.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Maria PICKERING nun.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Alice PICKERING born Ellerton, East Riding, married Thomas PALMES esquire, died September 1433 Naburn, East Riding, buried St. George’s, Fishergate, York.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1. James PICKERING esquire, born Harrington, Cumberland, killed 1460, Battle of Wakefield, Sandal Magna, West Riding, married Margaret UNKNOWN (daughter or widow of Robert or Roger LASCELLES of Escrick) died 17 November 1499.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.1. James PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.2. Margaret PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.3. John PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.4. William PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.5. Christopher PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.6. Ellen PICKERING
The family has ever since quartered the arms of Lascelles with their paternal arms.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.2. Margaret PICKERING married Richard BOTILLER
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3. Isabel PICKERING married John LEYBURN.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.4. Mabel PICKERING married Thomas ACCLAMBY.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.5. Joan PICKERING married Nicholas ACCLAMBY.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.6. Sir Edward PICKERING knighted 1487 Battle of Stoke Field, East Stoke, Nottinghamshire, appointed 1495 constable of Holt castle and steward of the manors of Bromfield cum Yale and Chirk, Denbighshire, Wales, married Joan MASSY (daughter of Sir Geoffrey MASSY, widow of William STANLEY).
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.6.1. Edward PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.6.2. John PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.6.3. William PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.1. James PICKERING esquire, born before 1443, died 2 May 1498, married Anne MORESBY (daughter and heir of Sir Christopher MORESBY) died 1523.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.1.1. Anne PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.1.2. Sir Christopher PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.1.3. James PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.1.4. Thomas PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.1.5. William PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.2. Margaret PICKERING born c1444, died after 1469, buried Wighill, West Riding married c1458 Sir William STAPLETON born c1432, died December 1503, buried Wighill, West Riding.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.3. John PICKERING gentleman, born c1456, married Gretton, Northamptonshire Agnes UNKNOWN.
Children of John PICKERING and Agnes UNKNOWN:
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.3.1. John PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.4. William PICKERING gentleman, Kendal, Westmorland.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.5. Christopher PICKERING esquire, appointed 15 September 1500 steward of the manors of Penrith and Gamblesby, Cumberland.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.6. Ellen PICKERING engaged 2 October 1480 to Richard MIDDLETON manservant of the Duke of Gloucester.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.6.1. Edward PICKERING living 1501 Bromfield, Denbighshire, Wales, died without issue.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.6.2. John PICKERING porter 1502 to1510 of Holt Castle, Denbighshire, Wales, landholder 1562 Holt, Denbighshire, Wales, married Unknown UNKNOWN.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.6.2.1. Sir John PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.6.2.2. Lancelot PICKERING
The relationship between John Pickering and Lancelot Pickering is based circumstantial evidence.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.6.3. William PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.1.1. Anne PICKERING born c1483, married 1st 1515 Sir Robert BELLINGHAM married 2nd 19 Octoberober 1541 Sir Richard ASSHETON.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.1.2. Sir Christopher PICKERING knight, Sheriff of Cumberland, landholder in Cumberland, Westmorland and Yorshire, born 1485, knighted 1513 after the Battle of Flodden Field, died 7 September 1516 Penrith, Cumberland, married Jane or Elizabeth LEWKNER (daughter of Sir Roger LEWKNER).
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Anne PICKERING
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.3.1.3. James PICKERING married Elizabeth THRELKELD (daughter of Sir Lancelot THRELKELD and Margaret BROMFLET) inherited 1510 Crosby Ravensworth.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. William PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. Lancelot PICKERING
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.3.1.4. Thomas PICKERING holder of Yewbarrow Hall, Westmorland, married Unknown UNKNOWN.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. William PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Thomas PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Robert PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.1.5. William PICKERING gentleman, died c1588 Cumberland, married Winifred THRELKELD (daughter of Sir Lancelot THRELKELD and Margaret BROMFLET) inherited 1510 Threlkeld.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Sir Christopher PICKERING
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. John PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Thomas PICKERING
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Edward PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Elizabeth PICKERING
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Winifred PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Alice PICKERING
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Jane PICKERING
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Anne PICKERING
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.6.2.1. Sir John PICKERING landholder Hem, Denbighshire, Wales, married Unknown UNKNOWN.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Francis PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. Elizabeth PICKERING
The relationship between Sir John Pickering and Francis Pickering is based circumstantial evidence.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.6.2.2. Lancelot PICKERING.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Anne PICKERING inherited Killington and Firbank, born c1546, died 25 April 1582, married 1st May 1530 Sir Francis WESTON (son of Sir Richard WESTON) knight, born c1511, executed 17 May 1536 for alleged adultery with Queen Anne Boleyn, married 2nd Sir Henry KNEVETT (son of Thomas KNEVETT and Muriel HOWARD) knight, M.P., born East Horseley, Surrey, died before 1564, married 3rd John VAUGHAN High Sheriff of Yorkshire 1594-1595, died before 1582.
In 1547 Anne purchased half of the manor of Sedbergh, West Riding, from Robert Pykeryng, probably the son of the founder of the Puckerings of Flamborough. In 1572 she settled Escrick, East Riding, on her son Henry Knevett, and it passed through his daughter’s husband into the Howard family. With John Vaughan, her third husband, Anne sold her holdings in Cumberland, and their son Francis subsequently sold Killington and Firbank to the manors’ tenants. Finally in 1599 Lord Thomas Knevett, the brother Henry, sold the two manors of Ellerton, East Riding. These transactions brought to an end the tenure in the East Riding, Cumberland and Westmorland of the Pickerings of Killington.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. William PICKERING lawyer, held part of Crosby Ravensworth.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Lancelot PICKERING esquire, J.P., held part of Crosby Ravensworth, married Elizabeth BLENKINSOP (daughter of Thomas BLENKINSOP and Magdalen MUSGRAVE).
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1. Thomas PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. William PICKERING heir, livery 1515 of lands Westmorland.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Thomas PICKERING gentleman, co-holder of Cark Hall, Lancashire, died 3 November 1584 Stepney, Middlesex, married Margaret STARKEY (daughter of Nicholas STARKEY).
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Thomas PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Robert PICKERING gentleman, holder of Isham, Northamptonshire, married Margaret LOWICK (daughter of John LOWICK, gentleman).
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Elizabeth PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.2. Thomas PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3. Ann PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Sir Christopher PICKERING knight, J.P., M.P., Sheriff of Cumberland, holder of Threlkeld, Cumberland, and Ormside, Westmorland, born c1545, unmarried, had a child with Unknown UNKNOWN, died 15 January 1621, buried Ormside, Westmorland.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Frances PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. John PICKERING benefactor of Yedingham Priory, joint lord of Elllerton, East Riding, married Agnes UNKNOWN.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Thomas PICKERING living 1581 Escrick, married Margaret UNKNOWN.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Edward PICKERING.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Elizabeth PICKERING.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Winifred PICKERING.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Alice PICKERING.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Jane PICKERING.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Anne PICKERING.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Francis PICKERING gentleman, Mayor 1632 of Holt, died 3 September 1635 Holt, Denbighshire, Wales, married Holt, Denbighshire, Wales Margaret WORRALL.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Francis PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. Elizabeth PICKERING married John ALFORD (son of John ALFORD) house owner Beverley, East Riding, landholder Hull area, East Riding, M.P. 1589 for Hedon, East Riding, died c1601 Fawley, Buckinghamshire.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Thomas PICKERING sold c1615 manor and part of demesne of Crosby Ravensworth, born Crosby Ravensworth, Westmorland, married Unknown UNKNOWN.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1. Thomas PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Thomas PICKERING yeoman, holder 1582 Cark Hall, settled 1614 property in Cark on daughter Anne and her husband Robert Curwen, died Nether Cark, Lancashire, buried 27 January 1617 Cartmel, Lancashire, married Cartmel, Lancashire Agnes UNKNOWN, died Nether Cark, Lancashire, buried 24 August 1616 Cartmel, Lancashire.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1. Isabel PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.2. Janet PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.3. Ellen PICKERING
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.4. Anne PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1. Frances PICKERING inherited 1621 property in Ormeshead, Threlkeld and Wensdale (sic), married 1st Cyprian HILTON died 1649, married 2nd 26 October 1620 Ormside, Westmorland John DUDLEY (son of Edmund DUDLEY) lawyer, buried 7 March 1623 Ormside, Westmorland.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Francis PICKERING soldier, born c1625, leased land in Holt, died after 1656 Holt, Denbighshire, Wales.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1. Thomas PICKERING married Frances CARUS.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1.1. Lancelot PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1. Isabel PICKERING born Nether Cark, Lancashire, baptised 25 April 1575 Cartmel, Lancashire.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.2. Janet PICKERING born Nether Cark, Lancashire, baptised 3 February 1579 Cartmel, Lancashire.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.3. Ellen PICKERING born Nether Cark, Lancashire, baptised 22 March 1581 Cartmel, Lancashire.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.4. Anne PICKERING heiress of Cark Hall, born Nether Cark, Lancashire, baptised 13 April 1583 Cartmel, Lancashire, buried 5 August 1657 Cartmel church, Lancashire, married 20 January 1602 Cartmel, Lancashire Robert CURWEN (son of Walter and Elizabeth CURWEN) cup bearer to Queen Elizabeth, baptised 19 June 1575 Cartmel, Lancashire, buried 2 March 1649 Cartmel, Lancashire.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1.1. Lancelot PICKERING baptised 24 September 1620 Crosby Ravensworth, Westmorland.
The spelling of the family name used throughout is Pickering, although various versions appear in the documents on which this tree is based.
Biographical details available on request.
British History Online, Barony of Kendale: https://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol2
Visitations of the North, Part III, A Visitation of the North of England, circa 1480-1500: available on request
Heraldic Visitation of the Northern Counties in 1530: http://books.google.fr/books?id=ve0OvvM9qr8C
The Visitation of Yorkshire in the years 1563 and 1564: https://archive.org/details/visitationofyork00flow
Visitations of Yorkshire and Northumberland in A.D. 1575: available on request
Visitations of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmorland 1615 and 1656: https://archive.org/stream/pedigreesrecorde00sainrich#page/n3
The Visitation of the County of York begun in 1665 and finished in 1666: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/moa/ahe1867.0001.001/5?view=image&size=75
Gascoigne Questions, John Watson: https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/fNvHmqfTaGs/m/Pkm_T3thwhoJ
Pickering of Killington, John Watson: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/soc.genealogy.medieval/NqANTZXJ7vk/y4BW8R2pw7UJ
Killington and Firbank: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/kendale-barony/vol2/pp416-439
Pickerings of Killington / Lascelles of Escrick, Brad Verity: https://groups.google.com/g/soc.genealogy.medieval/c/Ql2T2Zz19M4/m/433emGd9HcYJ
Sir James Pickering of Killington, Westmorland and Selby, Yorkshire: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/pickering-sir-james-1398
Ellerton.info, A One-Place Study: http://www.ellerton.info/index.html
The Pickerings of Barlby, York and Wetherby, P. Spencer Umfreville Pickering: https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE2130611
The English Baronetage, volume IV, Thomas Wotton: https://books.google.fr/books?id=KmUUAAAAYAAJ&pg
A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies of England, John and John Bernard Burke: https://archive.org/details/agenealogicalan03burkgoog