As seen in Origins, it is not known where the family that took the name de Brus and later Bruce came from, but there is little doubt that their origins were Scandinavian, and more particularly Norwegian. There is no documentary evidence of a direct descent from the Earls of Orkney nor of their arrival in Normandy with one of the waves of Scandinavian settlement. The fact that the first Robert de Brus was lord of the important fief of Brix on the Cotentin peninsula, from which he took his name, has led some historians to suggest that the de Bruses were a junior branch of the Dukes of Normandy, thus guaranteeing their loyalty.
Owing to the lack of reliable evidence, there is some doubt as to whether Robert and his son Adelme accompanied William II of Normandy to England (see Brix), or whether it was Robert’s grandson who was the first to set foot on English soil following the battle of Tinchebray. The rest of the family, including Robert’s other sons, remained in Normandy, founding a separate branch whose name evolved with that of the town where they had originally settled, so that the French branch is now called de Brix and the British branch has been anglicised to Bruce.
Documentary evidence abounds regarding Adelme’s son, known in Britain as Robert I de Brus, a staunch follower of King William’s son, Henry I. He had either already been given or been promised lands in England for his contribution to the young king’s victory over his brother at Tinchebray in 1106. This would account for the late appearance of Rober de Bruis as landholder in the Domesday Book, some thirty years after its original issue in 1086. Not only did he receive vast lands in England, but also in Scotland, becoming joint Lord of Skelton in Yorkshire and Annandale in Dumfriesshire. These lordships were divided between his elder sons Adam I and Robert II and, notably after the battle of the Standard where they fought on opposing sides, the two branches of the family gradually went their different ways, adopting different coats of arms.
By the early years of the 12th century Robert I Brus had been granted lands in Eskdale and established his first caput at Castleton. Sometime before 1119 he received the manor and strategically situated castle of Skelton, to which his caput was later transferred. In 1124 he was granted lands in Annandale including Annan castle, which the de Bruses used as a base before flooding compelled them to move to the higher ground offered by Lochmaben, where they built a stronghold. These holdings are just early examples of the vast estate that the de Bruses were to accumulate in England and Scotland by the mid 13th century.
Some 200 years after the last de Brus lord was buried, the two branches of the family came together again in a visual representation depicted on the de Brus cenotaph. This highly symbolic memorial portrays the Scottish and English branches on either side of its tomb-shaped form, with the founder and last member of the dynasty at either end. It was originally housed in Guisborough Priory, which was founded by Robert I de Brus and whose first prior was his brother William, but after the dissolution it was removed from the priory to the nearby parish church of St. Nicholas. This is where it remained in a dismembered state for nearly two centuries, the base slab lying in the chancel, the top slab being used as an altar table and the side panels adorning the porch. The end piece depicting Robert I de Brus was removed in 1754 to Hardwick Hall in nearby Sedgefield, where it formed part of a sham ruin, but the other end depicting King Robert remains missing to this day, though George Frank, writing in 1888, observed that it was one of those “preserved by insertion in the walls of the parish church”. It was not until the restoration of the church from 1903 to 1908 that all the available pieces of the monument were reassembled in the de Brus cenotaph. Recently a group of local enthusiasts has come to together to make this wonderful item of British heritage1 known to a wider public and to promote the de Brus family’s Yorkshire roots2. With the growth of interest in both projects they hope that the whereabouts of the missing piece will come to light.
1. Robert de BRUS died after 1066, married Emma of BRITTANY (daughter of Alan of BRITTANY) died 1052 England.
1.1. Adelme de BRUS
1.1. Adelme de BRUS married Emma RAMSAY (daughter of Sir William RAMSAY).
1.1.1. Robert I de BRUS
1.1.2. William de BRUS
1.1.3. Peter de BRUS
1.1.4. Adam de BRIX
1.1.5. Richard de BRIX
see de Brix family
1.1.1. Robert I de BRUS 1st Lord of Annandale, Lord of Skelton, born Brix, Cotentin, Normandy, died July 1142 Skelton, North Riding, buried Guisborough Priory, married Agnes de SURDEVAL daughter of Richard de SURDEVAL.
184.108.40.206. Adam I de BRUS
220.127.116.11. Robert II de BRUS
18.104.22.168. Hugh de BRUS
22.214.171.124. Agatha de BRUS
126.96.36.199. Pagan de BRUS
1.1.2. William de BRUS prior, died 1155, buried Guisborough Priory, North Riding.
1.1.3. Peter de BRUS died before 1159, possibly Edenhall, Cumberland.
188.8.131.52. Adam I de BRUS, Lord of Skelton, born c1105, Skelton, North Riding, England, died c1143 Skelton, buried Guisborough Priory, North Riding, married Agnes d’AUMALE (daughter of Stephen d’AUMALE and Hawise de MORTIMER) born possibly 1115, died after 1170.
184.108.40.206 1. Adam II de BRUS
220.127.116.11.2. William de BRUS
see d’Aumale family
18.104.22.168. Robert II de BRUS 2nd Lord of Annandale, born c1124 Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, died 1190 Annandale, married Eufamia d’AUMALE (daughter of Enguerrand d’AUMALE) born c1130 Carrick, Argyleshire, Scotland.
22.214.171.124.1. Robert III de BRUS
126.96.36.199.2. William de BRUS
188.8.131.52.3. Bernard de BRUS
184.108.40.206. Hugh de BRUS.
220.127.116.11. Agatha de BRUS married Ralph de TAILLEBOIS born before 1110 Middleham, North Riding.
18.104.22.168. Pagan de BRUS married Unknown UNKNOWN.
22.214.171.124.1. Robert de BRUS
126.96.36.199.1. Adam II de BRUS, Lord of Skelton, Lord of Cleveland, born c1127, died March 1196 Skelton, North Riding, buried Guisborough Priory, North Riding, married c1170 Juetta d’ARCHES (daughter of William d’ARCHES and Juetta UNKNOWN).
188.8.131.52.1.1. Peter I de BRUS
184.108.40.206.1.2. Isabel de BRUS
220.127.116.11.2. William de BRUS.
Probable ancestor of the Pickerings of Killington, Ellerton and Titchmarsh.
18.104.22.168.1. Robert III de BRUS born c1150 Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, died before 1194, married before 1191 Isabel FITZWILLIAM (daughter of William the Lion of SCOTLAND and Unknown AVENEL).
22.214.171.124.2. William de BRUS 3rd Lord of Annandale, born c1155 Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, died before 1212, married Christiana UNKNOWN.
126.96.36.199.2.1. Robert IV de BRUS
188.8.131.52.2.2. William de BRUS
184.108.40.206.2.3. John de BRUS
220.127.116.11.3. Bernard de BRUS.
18.104.22.168.1. Robert de BRUS married Unknown UNKNOWN.
22.214.171.124.1.1. Sir William de BRUS
126.96.36.199.1.1. Peter I de BRUS Baron of Skelton, born c1170 Skelton, North Riding, died c1222, buried Guisborough Priory, married Joan de LACY (daughter of John de LACY and Alice de MANDEVILLE).
188.8.131.52.1.1.1. Peter II de BRUS
184.108.40.206.1.1.2. Agnes de BRUS
220.127.116.11.1.1.3. Robert de BRUS
18.104.22.168.1.1.4. William de BRUS
22.214.171.124.1.1.5. Roger de BRUS
126.96.36.199.1.1.6. Simon de BRUS
188.8.131.52.1.2. Isabel de BRUS born c1170, married 1st after 1190 Sir Henry de PERCY (son of Jocelin de LOUVAIN and Agnes de PERCY), married 2nd Roger MAUDUIT.
Children of Isabel de BRUS and Sir Henry PERCY:
184.108.40.206.1.2.1. William de PERCY
220.127.116.11.1.2.2. Henry de PERCY
Children of Isabel de BRUS and Roger MAUDUIT:
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. Robert de BRUS
126.96.36.199.2.1. Robert IV de BRUS 4th Lord of Annandale, born Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, died before 1237, buried Sawtry Abbey, Huntingdonshire, married Isabel of HUNTINGDON (daughter of David of HUNTINGDON and Matilda of CHESTER) born c1200, died 1252, buried Sawtry Abbey, Huntingdonshire.
188.8.131.52.2.1.1. Robert V de BRUS
184.108.40.206.2.1.2. Bernard de BRUS
220.127.116.11.2.2. William de BRUS married Unknown UNKNOWN.
18.104.22.168.2.2.1. William de BRUS
22.214.171.124.2.3. John de BRUS.
126.96.36.199.1.1. Sir William de BRUS Lord of Ugglebarnby, married Unknown BECKWITH.
188.8.131.52.1.1.1. Dame Unknown BECKWITH BRUS
184.108.40.206.1.1.1. Peter II de BRUS Lord of Skelton, born c1185 Skelton, North Riding, died c1240 Marseille, France, married Hawise of LANCASTER (daughter of Gilbert FITZROGER and Hawise of LANCASTER).
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Peter III de BRUS
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Joan de BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. John de BRUS
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Agnes de BRUS
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Margaret de BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Lucy de BRUS
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Laderina de BRUS
22.214.171.124.1.1.2. Agnes de BRUS married William of LANCASTER (son of Gilbert FITZROGER and Hawise of LANCASTER).
126.96.36.199.1.1.3. Robert de BRUS.
188.8.131.52.1.1.4. William de BRUS died before 1230.
184.108.40.206.1.1.5. Roger de BRUS.
220.127.116.11.1.1.6. Simon de BRUS.
18.104.22.168.1.2.3. Robert de BRUS born c1207 Tadcaster, West Riding, died after 1267 Pickering, North Riding, married Unknown UNKNOWN.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Adam de BRUS
188.8.131.52.2.1.1. Robert V de BRUS 5th Lord of Annandale, “the Competitor” born c1216 Annandale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, died 1295 Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, buried Guisborough Priory, married 1st 12 May 1240 Isabel de CLARE (daughter of Gilbert de CLARE and Isabel MARSHAL) born 2 November 1226, died 1264, married 2nd 3 May 1273 Christina of IREBY.
Children of Robert V de BRUS and Isabel de CLARE:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Robert VI de BRUS
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. John de BRUS
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52. William de BRUS
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Richard de BRUS
18.104.22.168.2.1.2. Bernard de BRUS knight, born Exton, Rutland, died c1266 Conington, Huntingdonshire, married Alicia BEAUCHAMP (daughter of William BEAUCHAMP Earl of Warwick and ISABEL MAUDUIT).
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. John de BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Sir Bernard de BRUS
220.127.116.11.2.2.1. William de BRUS.
18.104.22.168.1.1.1. Dame Unknown BECKWITH BRUS married 1226 Sir Hercules MALEBISSE and changed his name to BECKWITH (son of Sir Simon MALEBISSE and Unknown of MATHLEY) Lord of Ugglebarnby.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Sir Hercules BECKWITH
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206 Peter III de BRUS born c1221 Skelton, died 1272 Skelton, married Hillaria de MAULAY (daughter of Peter de MAULAY I and Isabel of THORNHAM).
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Joan de BRUS died before 1272, married Peter de MAULAY II (son of Peter de MAULAY I and Isabel of THORNHAM).
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. John de BRUS died before 1272.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Agnes de BRUS married Walter de FAUCONBERG.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Margaret de BRUS married Robert de ROOS.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Lucy de BRUS married Marmaduke de THWENG.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Laderina de BRUS married John de BELLEWE (BELLA AQUA).
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Adam de BRUS born Brompton by Sawdon, married Unknown UNKNOWN.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1. Adam de BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.2. Master William de PICKERING
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3. Master Robert de PICKERING
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.4. Cecily de BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.5. Peter de BRUS
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Robert VI de BRUS 6th Lord of Annandale, Earl of Carrick, born c1245 Turnberry, Ayrshire, Scotland, died 1304, buried Holm Culthrum Abbey, Cumberland, married Marjorie of CARRICK Countess of Countess of Carrick (daughter of Niall of CARRICK Earl of Carrick) died 1292.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1. Isabel BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.2. Christina BRUCE
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3. Robert the BRUCE, King Robert I of SCOTLAND
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.4. Neil BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.5. Edward BRUCE, King Edward of IRELAND
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.6. Mary BRUCE
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.7. Margaret BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.8. Thomas BRUCE
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.9. Alexander BRUCE
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.10. Elizabeth BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.11. Matilda BRUCE
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. John de BRUS.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. William de BRUS died after 1295, married Elizabeth de SULLY (daughter of Raymond de SULLY).
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1. Eleanor de BRUS
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168. Richard de BRUS died 1287.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. John de BRUS.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206. Sir Bernard de BRUS died 21 November 1301, married Agatha UNKNOWN.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Bernard de BRUS
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1. Adam de BRUS born c1250 Pickering, North Riding, died before 1305, married Maud UGHTRED (daughter of Simon UGHTRED) born c1265 Scarborough, North Riding, died before 1354.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1. Sir William de BRUS
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.2. Robert de BRUS
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.3. Avelina de BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.2. Master William de PICKERING Dean of York, Archdeacon of Nottingham, born c1252 Pickering, North Riding, died 7 April 1312.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3. Master Robert de PICKERING Dean of York, Archdeacon of Nottingham, born Pickering, North Riding, died 1332.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.4. Cecily de BRUS born Pickering, North Riding, married Bernard de BARUGH (son of Alexander de BARUGH).
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1. Isabel BRUCE born c1272 Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland, died 1358 Bergen, Norway, married 1293 Bergen, Norway, King Eric II of NORWAY (son of King Magnus VI of NORWAY and Ingeborg of DENMARK).
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.2. Christina BRUCE born c1278 Carrick, Ayshire, Scotland, died c1356, married 1st Gartnait of MAR (son of Donald l of MAR and Helen of WALES), married 2nd 1278 Christopher de SETON, married 3rd 1326 Sir Andrew MURRAY.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3. Robert the BRUCE, King Robert I of SCOTLAND born 11 July 1274 Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland, died 7 June 1329 Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, married 1st Isabella of MAR (daughter of Dromhnall of MAR and Helen of WALES) died 1296 Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, married 2nd Elizabeth de BURGH (daughter of Richard de BURGH 2nd Earl of Ulster, 3rd Baron of Connaught and Margaret UNKNOWN) died 27 October 1327 Cullen, Banffshire, Scotland, buried in Dunfermline Abbey, had a child with Unknown UNKNOWN.
Children of Robert the BRUCE and Isabella of MAR:
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.1. Marjorie BRUCE
Children of Robert the BRUCE and Elizabeth de BURGH:
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.2. Matilda BRUCE
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.3. Margaret BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.4. David BRUCE
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.5. John BRUCE
Children of Robert the BRUCE and Unknown UNKNOWN:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.6. Sir Robert BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.4. Neil BRUCE born c1279 Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland, executed 1306 Berwick-on-Tweed.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.5. Edward BRUCE, King Edward of IRELAND born c1280 Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland, died 14 October 1318 Faughart, Louth, Ireland, married Isabella of STRATHBOGIE.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.5.1. Alexander BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.6. Mary BRUCE born c1282, died 1323, married 1st Sir Neil CAMPBELL, married 2nd Alexander FRASER.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.7. Margaret BRUCE born c1283, married Sir William of CARLYLE.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.8. Thomas BRUCE born c1284 Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland, executed 9 February 1307, Carlisle, Cumberland, married Helen ERSKINE.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.9. Alexander BRUCE Dean of Glasgow, born c1285 Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland, executed 9 February 1307, Carlisle, Cumberland.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.10. Elizabeth BRUCE born c1286, married Sir William DISHINGTON.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.11. Matilda BRUCE born c1287, married Hugh de ROSS.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1. Eleanor de BRUS born c1290.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1. Bernard de BRUS born ver 1275 Conington, Huntingdonshire, married 1st Unknown UNKNOWN, married 2nd Agnes HARDRESHULE.
Children of Bernard de BRUS and Unknown UNKNOWN:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1. Bernard de BRUS
Children of Bernard de BRUS and Agnes HARDRESHULE:
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.2. John de BRUS
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1. Sir William de BRUS soldier, born c1297, died c1345, married Matilda UNKNOWN.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1.1. Adam de BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1.2. Sir William de BRUS
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1.3. Winifred de BRUS
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.2. Robert de BRUS.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.3. Avelina de BRUS nun.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.1. Marjorie BRUCE born 1296, died 1316, married Walter STEWART (son of James STEWART and Egidia de BURGH) 6th High Steward of Scotland, born c1296.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.2. Matilda BRUCE died 1353, married Thomas ISAAC.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.3. Margaret BRUCE died 1346, married 1345 William of MORAVIA 5th Earl of Sutherland.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.4. David BRUCE born 5 March 1324 Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, died 22 February 1371, married Joan of ENGLAND (daughter of Edward II of ENGLAND and Isabella de FRANCE).
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.5. John BRUCE born 1324, died 1327.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.3.6. Sir Robert BRUCE Lord of Liddlesdale, died 11 August 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.3.6.1. Thomas BRUCE
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.5.1. Alexander BRUCE died 1333 Battle of Halidon Hill, married Eleanor DOUGLAS (daughter of Archibald DOUGLAS and Eleanor de LOUVAIN).
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.5.1.1. Eleanor BRUCE
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.1. Bernard de BRUS Lord of Conington and Exton, born 24 July 1311, married Matilda CROPHULL.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.2. John de BRUS born 3 June 1317 Exton, Rutland, married Margaret de BEAUCHAMP.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.2.1. Joan BRUCE
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.2.2. Bernard BRUCE
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1.1. Adam de BRUS died c1355.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.1.1.2. Sir William de BRUS born c1340, died c1379, married Joan UNKNOWN.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124. William BRUS
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1.3. Winifred de BRUS married Sir John HOTHAM died c1413.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.3.6.1. Thomas BRUCE 1st Laird of Clackmannan, born 1313, died before 1348, married Marjorie CHARTERIS.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199. Robert BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.5.1.1. Eleanor BRUCE.
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.1.2.1. Joan BRUCE born c1341, 28 June 1421, married Sir Nicholas GREENE Stewart of High Ferrers and Glatton.
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.2.2. Bernard BRUCE born February 1347, died November 1347.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. William BRUS esquire born c1373, died c1427 Pickering, North Riding, married Margaret HAWICK (daughter of Walter HAWICK) born Easington, Co. Durham.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1. Robert BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. Robert BRUCE 2nd Laird of Clackmannan, born 1348, died 23 July 1403, married Isabel STEWART (daughter of Sir Robert STEWART and Janet MacDOUGALL).
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1. James BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.2. Sir Edward BRUCE
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3. Sir ROBERT BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1. Robert BRUS born c1407, died c1437, married c1419 Isabel MOUBRAY.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1. Maud BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.2. Isabel BRUS
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.3. Elizabeth BRUS
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1. James BRUCE Chancellor of Scotland, Bishop of Dunkeld died 1447.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.2. Sir Edward BRUCE married Unknown UNKNOWN.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.2.1. Sir Robert BRUCE
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3. Sir ROBERT BRUCE 3rd Laird of Clackmannan, born 1371, died 1406, married Unknown SRIMGEOUR (daughter of Sir Alexander SCRIMGEOUR and Agnes de GLASCESTER).
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.3.1. Alexander BRUCE
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.3.2. Sir David BRUCE
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.1. Maud BRUS married Robert BROWNE.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.2. Isabel BRUS married Isabel APPLEBY.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.3. Elizabeth BRUS married Richard EGLESFIELD.
Brix, berceau des Rois d’Ecosse, Claude Pithois, 1980
De Normandie au trône d’Écosse : la saga des Bruce, Claude Pithois, 1997
Family records of the Bruces and the Cumyns, Mary Elizabeth Cumming: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.l0058372954;view=2up;seq=8
The Brus Family in England and Scotland, 1100-c1290, Ruth Margaret Blakely, 2000: http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/1594
The Brus Family in England and Scotland 1100-1295, Ruth Margaret Blakely, 2005
The Bruses of Skelton and William d’Aumale, Dr. Ruth M. Blakely: Yorkshire Archealogical Journal, volume 73, 2001
Rydale and North Yorkshire Antiquities, George Frank 1888: https://archive.org/stream/ryedaleandnorth00frangoog#page/n263/mode/1up/search/Brus
The History and Antiquities of Cleveland, John Walker Ord: https://books.google.fr/books/about/The_History_and_Antiquities_of_Cleveland.html?id=qPsnAAAAYAAJ&redir_esc=y
Monasticon Anglicanum, vol. 6, part 1, Sir William Dugdale: https://books.google.fr/books?id=WmtPAAAAcAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
The Yorkshire Domesday, Professor John Palmer and George Slater: https://archive.org/stream/DomesdayBookYorkshire#page/n0/mode/2up
The Brus Cenotaph at Guisbrough, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal vol. 13: https://ia601406.us.archive.org/4/items/yorkshirearchae02socigoog/yorkshirearchae02socigoog.pdf